عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Indian meal moth Plodia interpunctella, (Lep.: Pyralidae) is one of the main pests of stored figs in Iran. The effects of different temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30, 35° C) on the biological characteristics of this pest at laboratory conditions (16:8 L:D , 60±5 % Rh) on dried fig were studied . Mean incubation period were estimated 14.44, 6.70, 3.27, 3.30, 4.26 days respectively. Total larval developmental time were determined 70.79, 42.60, 34.61, 32.2, 27.77 days and duration of pre-pupal and pupal stages were estimated 9, 4.36, 1.44, 1.31, 1.23 and 15.92, 12.44, 7.29, 5.77, 3.34 respectively. Mean adult longevity were estimated 12.62, 12.38, 7.04, 7.65, 6.73 for female and 14, 12.37, 7, 7.03, 6.33 for parameters. Developmental rate were highest on 35° C. The result showed that high temperature promote rapid development of P. interpunctella on dried figs.
Bell, C.H. 1975. Effects of Temperature and Humidity on development of four Pyralid moth Pests of Stored Products. Journal of Stored Products Research, 11:167-175.
Basirat , M. & Mehrnejad, M.R. 2002. The Study of lower threshold and thermal constant constant for two insect Pests of Stored Pistachio nuts. Research Project, Iranian Pistachio Research Institute (In Persian).
Johnson, J.A., Wofford, P.L. & Whited, L.C. 1992. Effects of diet and temperature on development rates, Survival and reproduction of the Indian meal moth. Journal of Economic Entomology, 85: 561-566.
Marzban, R. 1997. Biological control of Plodia interpunctella in dried fruits (pistachio, walnut and almond) by Bacillus thuringiensis bacteria. M.Sc. Thesis, Tarbiat Modares University, [In Persian with English summary]
Mbata, N. G. & Osuji, F. N. C. 1983. Some aspects of the biology of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) a pest o stored groundnut in Nigeria. Journal of Stored Products Research, 19: 141 – 151.
Mcvean, R.I.K., Sait, S. M., Thompson, D.J. & Begon, M. 2002. Effects of resource quality on population dynamics of Indian meal plodia interpunctella and granulovirus. Oecologia. 131:71-78.
Mohandass, S., Arthur, F.H., Zhu, K.Y. & Throne, J.E. 2007. Biology and managememt of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Stored Products. Journal of Stored Products Research, 43 : 302-311.
Mullen, M. A. & Arbogast, R. T. 1977. Influence of substrate on oviposition by 2 species of stored product moths. Environmental Entomology, 6: 641-644.
Norozi, A. 2008. Influence of four alimentary diet (pomegranate, pistachio, fig and date) on demographyparameters of Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Lep., Pyralidae) in laboratory conditions. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University. (In Persian with English astract).
Na , J. H. & Ryoo, M.I. 2000. The influence of temperature on development of Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera:pyralidae) on dried vegetable commodities. Journal of Stored Products Research, 36: 125-129.
Phillips, T.W., Berbert, R.C. & Cuperus, G.W., 2000. Post-harvest Integrated Pest Management: 2690-2701. In: Francis, F.J. (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Food Science and Technology. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Pourbehi, H., Talebi , A.A. Zamany , A.A., Goldasteh, SH. & Farrar, N. 2009. Comparison of the biological characteristics of the Plodia interpunctella (Lep., Pyralidae) on three date cultivars in Laboratory Conditions. Journal of Entomological Research, 1(4) : 279-288 (In Persian With English abstract).
Rahemi, M. & Zare, H. 2002. The effects of temperature treatment on the disinfestation and Storage of dry figs of Estahban. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 6 (2): 29 – 41 (In Persian with English abstract).
Rees, D. 2004. Insects of Stored Productes. Csiro Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Shayesteh, N & Malek Ghasemi, B. 1981. Survey on the biology of Plodia interpunctella on three varieties of diets. Applied Entomology and Phytopathology, 49 (1): 1-10. (In Persian with English abstract)
Silhacek, D., Murphy, C. & Arbogast, R. T. 2003. Behavior and movements of indian meal moths during commodity (Plodia interpunctella (Hubner)) infestation. Journal of Stored Products Research, 39: 171–184.
Sepasgozarian, H. 1975. Storage Pests of Iran and Their Control. University of Tehran Press, Tehran, Iran (In Persian).
Savov , D. 1973 . Influence of some dried fruits on the development of Plodia interpunctella Hubner (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae). Gradinarska : Lozarska Nauka, 10: 43-42 (Abstract).