اثر بیولوژیکی indica Piriformospora، vermifera Sebacina و Trichoderma spp. علیه بیماری پژمردگی فوزاریومی عدس در شرایط گلخانه‌ای

نویسندگان

چکیده

بیماری پژمردگی فوزاریومی عدس که توسط Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lentis (Vasd. & Srin.) Gordonایجاد می­گرددیکی از عوامل مهم کاهش محصول این گیاه در دنیا به شمار می­رود. تأثیر چهار قارچ خاکزی Piriformospora indica، Sebacina vermifera ، Trichoderma harzianum و Trichoderma viride  روی پژمردگی فوزاریومی عدس در طرح کاملا تصادفی در شرایط گلخانه­ای مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. بیمارگر در 3 زمان مختلف نسبت به کاشت بذر عدس رقم محلی اردبیل (10 روز قبل، همزمان و 10 روز بعداز کاشت) به خاک گلدان ها اضافه گردید. 17 تیمار که شامل دو شاهد (گیاه بدون بیمارگر و گیاه با بیمارگر) و 15 ترکیب مختلف قارچ های آنتاگونیست فوق بود، همزمان با کاشت بذر به خاک گلدان­ها اضافه گردید. ارزیابی شاخص های مختلف رشدی (ارتفاع گیاه، طول ریشه، وزن خشک اندام هوایی و ریشه) و شدت بیماری در مرحله گلدهی انجام گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که موثرترین ترکیب آنتاگونیست ها در اکثر فاکتورهای رشدی و در کاهش شدت بیماری با در نظر گرفتن سه زمان مختلف مایه زنی، تیمار (S. vermifera + T. harzianum) است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

In vivo biological activity of Piriformospora indica, Sebacina vermifera and Trichoderma spp. against Fusarium wilt of lentil

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Kari Dolatabadi
  • Ebrahim Mohammadi Goltapeh
چکیده [English]

Lentil Fusarium wilts, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lentis (Vasd. and Srin.) Gordon is one of the most important factors of reducing lentil yield in the world. Effect of four soil borne fungi Piriformospora indica, Sebacina vermifera, Trichoderma harzianum and Trichoderma viride on Fusarium wilt oflentilwere evaluated in a completely randomized design under greenhouse condition. Pathogen was inoculated to soil pots three times (10 days before sowing, while sowing and 10 days after sowing). Seventeen treatments including two controls (plant without pathogen and plant with pathogen) and fifteen combinations of above antagonistic fungi were inoculated while sowing. Different growth factors namely: plant heights, root length, dry weight of shoot and root and disease severity were assessed in flowering stage. Results revealed that the most effect of combination of antagonistic fungi was observed in pots inoculated with treatment (S. vermifera + T. harzianum).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biological activity
  • Fusarium wilt
  • Lentil
  • Piriformospora indica
  • Sebacina vermifera
  • Trichoderma spp

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