گزارش پادمان جدید برای ایران و بررسی اهمیت آن‌ها در گلخانه‌های استان اصفهان

نویسندگان

چکیده

طی بازدیدهایی که در سال­های 85-1384 از گلخانه‌های سبزی و صیفی و گل‌های زینتی در استان اصفهان به­عمل آمد، نمونه­هایی از پادمان روی ریشه و طوقه گیاهچه‌های پژمرده و در حال زوال مشاهده و جمع­آوری گردید. نمونه‌های شناسایی شده و میزبان‌های آنها عبارتند از : Sinella tenebricosa (Entomobryidae) و Proisotoma minuta (Isotomidae) روی بنفشه آفریقایی و Ceratophysella sp. (Hypogastruridae) روی خیار گلخانه­ای و جعفری.
بررسی­ها نشان داد که در گلخانه‌ها و گلدان­های با رطوبت بالاتر و دور آبیاری کوتاه­تر خسارت و جمعیت پادمان فوق بیشتر بود، به­طوری‌که ریشه‌های مویی گیاهان به­طور کامل خورده شده و همچنین به­واسطه تغذیه آنها از محل طوقه زمینه برای نفوذ عوامل بیماری­زا فراهم شده بود. در منابع داخلی تاکنون فقط P. minuta گزارش شده است و Ceratophysella sp. نیز احتمالاً برای فون جهان جدید می­باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

New reports of Collembola for Iran with surveying of their importance in the greenhouses of Esfahan province, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Nematollahi
  • Mohammad Reza Bagheri
  • Jerzy Michal Radwanski
چکیده [English]

Through inspections in vegetables and ornamentals greenhouses in Esfahan province, during 2005-2006, some specimens of Collembola were found feeding on the root and crown of wilting or dying seedlings. Identified species and their hosts were as follow: Sinella tenebricosa (Entomobryidae) and Proisotoma minuta (Isotomidae) from African violet, and Ceratophysella sp. (Hypogastruridae) from greenhouse cucumber and parsley.
Studies indicated that these collembolans reach to high density, with more damage on plants, in greenhouses and pots with higher humidity and shorter irrigation periods. In the infested plants, secondary roots were devoured completely and the plants could be easily infected by pathogens, due to collembolan damages to plant crown. Among the indicated species, only P. minuta was recorded from Iran, and Ceratophysella sp. might be a new species to the world. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Collembola
  • Greenhouse
  • Vegetables
  • Ornamentals
  • Esfahan

 

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